This e-Library System recommends the common referencing and citation formats in the APA (American Psychological Association) Style, based on the seventh edition (2020) of the APA Publication Manual.

Important Elements of Citing or Referencing a Book

  • Author (last name, initials only for first & middle names)
  • Publication date
  • Title (in italics; capitalize only the first word of title and subtitle, and proper nouns)
  • Publisher (Note: do not include publisher location)
  • For books retrieved from this website online, please include DOI, if available. Include URLs only if they will work for readers. For articles retrieved through a database, do not include the database information or URL in the reference. For more information, see the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines.


Entire book:

Goodpaster, K. E., Nash, L. L., & de Bettignies, H. (2006). Business ethics: Policies and persons (3rd ed.). McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

American Medical Association. (2004). American Medical Association family medical guide (4th ed.). Wiley.

Post, E. (1923). Etiquette in society, in business, in politics, and at home. Funk & Wagnalls.

Chapter within an edited book:

Winne, P. H. (2001). Self-regulated learning viewed from models of information processing. In B.J. Zimmerman & D.H. Schunk (Eds.), Self-regulated learning and academic achievement (2nd ed., pp. 160-192). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.